Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2017, Page: 25-33
The Behavioural Ecology, Local Population Dynamics and Conservation of the Bearded Reedling Panurus Biarmicus in “El Hondo Natural Park” (SE Spain)
Ignacio García Peiró, Department of Ecology and Hidrology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
Received: Feb. 28, 2017;       Accepted: Mar. 9, 2017;       Published: Mar. 28, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.eeb.20170202.12      View  1952      Downloads  127
Abstract
The behavioural ecology of the Bearded Reedling Panurus biarmicus in wild using data available from mist-netting has received little attention. One of such aspects is to evaluate if flock composition and structure vary among reed successional stages and facilities dispersal among near wetlands in small and semi-isolated populations by analysing mist-netting capture events. This study shows that mist-netting events comprised catches of solitary birds or small groups in samples from small to moderate size. Overall mean frequency of each flock result in a population of low aggregation at low densities and being lower than reported from bigger central Spanish populations. A majority of birds of these flocks are "transients", characterized by have shorter wing lengths and smaller body masses compared to "residents", which attain higher body masses and longer wing lengths. Residents have the ability to settle in unmanaged sparse habitats in the periphery of the wetlands and the possibility to undertake longer flights outside wetlands is greater due to a higher condition and performance. Since a high overnight mass loss of birds has been verified in this study, I hypothesize that Bearded Reedlings move in short-times elapsed from sunset (before arriving at the roosts) to sunrise, so earlier surveys carried out in wetlands might give inadequate results to monitoring Bearded Reedling’s populations, demanding alternative methods to survey them properly. Due to the occurrence of such residents, the importance of saltmarshes with reed sparse-patches in the periphery of wetlands results in a key factor for the dispersal of this species.
Keywords
Bearded Reedling, Dispersal, Reed Succession, SE Spain, Social Structure
To cite this article
Ignacio García Peiró, The Behavioural Ecology, Local Population Dynamics and Conservation of the Bearded Reedling Panurus Biarmicus in “El Hondo Natural Park” (SE Spain), Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 25-33. doi: 10.11648/j.eeb.20170202.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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