Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 148-158
Response of Chickpea (Cicer aeritinum L.) Genotype to Intra and Inter Row Spacing at Huletegna Choroko, Southern Ethiopia
Tatek Tamiru, Department of Plant Science, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Walelign Worku, School of Plant and Horticultural Science, Hawassa University College of Agriculture, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Worku Mengesha, Department of Plant Science, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Getu Weya, Department of Food Process Engineering, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
Received: Sep. 21, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 6, 2020;       Published: Nov. 19, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.eeb.20200504.15      View  24      Downloads  18
Abstract
Chickpea has a major role in the daily diet of the rural community and urban population as a good source of energy, protein, minerals, vitamins, fiber and its straw is used for animal feed, and it also improves soil fertility by fixing the atmospheric nitrogen. Optimum plant density and appropriate genotypes for a given agro ecology influences plant size, yield components and ultimately the seed yield. Hence, a field experiment was carried out to determine the effect of intra and inter-row spacing on growth, yield and yield component of chickpea (Cicer aeritinum L.) Genotypes under rain fed condition in Huletegna Choroko, Southern Ethiopia in 2016 cropping season. A split-split plot design with three replications was used with two chickpea genotypes: Genotypes Habru and Mastewal were arranged in main plot and intra-row spacing of 5, 10 and 15 cm in sub-plot and inter-row spacing’s of 30, 40 and 50 cm in sub-sub plot. Days to flowering and hundred seed weight were significantly different between the two genotypes. Intra-row spacing had significantly affected physiological maturity, nodule dry weight plant-1, plant height, primary branch plant-1, pods plant-1, seeds pod-1, above ground biomass and seed yield. Inter row spacing also significantly affected days to flowering, days to physiological maturity, nodule number plant-1, nodule dry weight, plant height, primary branch, pod plant-1, seed number pod-1, above ground dry matter and seed yield. Mastewal genotype obtained the maximum (2.91 t ha-1) grain yield at the combination of 15 cm intra row and 30 cm inter row spacing while Habru genotype obtained (2.57 t ha-1) at the same intra and inter-row spacing. Finally it could be concluded that intra row spacing of 15 cm and inter row spacing of 30 cm were found to be the optimum for maximum grain yield of chickpea using genotype Mastewal and Habru at Halaba, Huletegna choroko.
Keywords
Chickpea, Intra Row, Inter Row, Spacing, Split Split Plot, Genotypes
To cite this article
Tatek Tamiru, Walelign Worku, Worku Mengesha, Getu Weya, Response of Chickpea (Cicer aeritinum L.) Genotype to Intra and Inter Row Spacing at Huletegna Choroko, Southern Ethiopia, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 148-158. doi: 10.11648/j.eeb.20200504.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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